Facial moles are also known as beauty marks or nevi. Moles are commonly brown and/or black areas or skin lesions that vary in shape, color, and texture. They can either be raised from the skin’s surface, or they can be flat.
In most cases, they are benign and quite common in adults. However, they should be examined closely, especially if they change over time, bleed, or itch. Surgical excisions or laser treatments are the two main methods of mole removal.
What Causes Moles?
Moles are caused by melanocytes, which are a specialized type of cell that produces melanin. Melanin is the pigment that gives our skin its color. Typically, they spread evenly across the skin. However, they will sometimes grow as a cluster.
Two factors that precipitate this dynamic include:
- Sun exposure
- Hormonal changes (e.g., puberty, pregnancy, menopause, and taking hormone medication)