Periodontal Surgery in San Antonio
One of the most common oral health issues among US adults is periodontal (gum) disease. The mild form, gingivitis, and the advanced form, periodontitis, are estimated to affect 70% or more of the population of adults over 30. Periodontitis is also the leading cause of tooth loss among patients in this demographic. In many cases, patients are able to treat periodontal disease non-surgically in the early stages. However, as the disease advances, it slowly destroys not just the gum tissue but the alveolar bone that provides support to anchor teeth in place.
Gum disease is just one of the oral health concerns that may require periodontal surgery. Oral cancer, traumatic injury, and tooth loss may also make periodontal surgery necessary. Regardless of the cause, there are a number of treatment options to restore gum health available from San Antonio Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery Associates, but the two most common procedures are regenerative therapy and pocket reduction surgery.
Regenerative Gum Tissue Therapy
Gum disease, oral cancer, tooth loss, and other oral health concerns may lead to the loss of gum tissue and alveolar bone structure. When this happens, the best way to renew oral health is to replace the lost gum tissue. In severe cases, we may need to perform a gum tissue graft, but in other instances, regenerative procedures may be a better solution. During the procedure, we carefully fold back gum tissue exposing any infected tissue or lost structure. We remove any infected tissues, and use membranes or tissue-stimulating proteins to accelerate the body’s natural regenerative ability. Finally, the folds of the gums are sutured into place.
Pocket Depth Reduction Procedures
When gum and bone tissue breaks down due to gum disease and other health concerns, pockets of space form around the natural dental structure. Rather than the alveolar bone and soft tissue fitting snugly against the root of the tooth, there is increasing space between the teeth and gums. This space makes it possible for plaque and tartar to build up more easily leading to further oral health concerns. Pocket depth reduction involves many of the same steps required for regenerative treatments. We begin by opening the gum tissue to expose underlying areas of concern. We remove bacteria, plaque, tartar, and infected tissue. Then, the roots are carefully smoothed to limit the chances that bacteria and tartar will be able to buildup in the future. Finally, we reattach the gums with sutures. We may also incorporate topical or oral antibiotic therapy to promote oral health during the healing and recovery process.
Contact Dr. Mazock and his San Antonio team to schedule a consultation if you’ve suffered from advanced periodontal disease or other oral health issues that make periodontal surgery necessary. We’re happy to answer questions, make recommendations, and review your treatment options.